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Biofuels

Fossil fuels

Coco Shells

PKS

Wood Pellets

Firewood

Straw

Biogas

Waste

Coal

Oil

Natural Gas

Calorific Value (Gross)

kCal/kg

4,100

4,500

4,200

2,850

3,700

6,000

2,150

6,000

10,000

12,474

kWh/MT

4,800

5,200

4,900

3,333

4,250

7,000

2,500

6,978

11,900

14,500

GJ/MT

17.2

18.8

17.5

12

15.3

25

9

25.1

42.7

52.2

Content

Moisture (%)

15-16

11-12

4-8

10-30

0-15

-

30-40

10-16

-

-

CO2 (kg/MT)

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

5,500

3,202.5

2,113.8

Sulfur (%)

0.02

0.03

0.02-1

0.02

0.12-0.3

0.6

0.2-?

0.2-5

<0.05

0-0.001

Nitrogen (%)

0.11

0.36

0.2-0.5

1.5-3

2-3

0.6-4.1

1.5

2-3

1.0

Ash (%)

0.5

3.1

0.2-3

0.5

2-10

-

22-25

14-15

-

-

Length

5-10 cm

2-3 cm

3-10 cm

30-40 cm

5-15 cm

-

1-50 cm

1-5 cm

-

-

Density

2 m3/MT

1.7 m3/MT

1.5 m3/MT

2 m3/MT

4-6 m3/MT

0.9 m3/MT

0.5-5 m3/MT

1.3 m3/MT

1.2 m3/MT

1.3 m3/MT

Price without tax

USD/MT

135

130

185

127

125

365

100

105

650

560

USD/GJ

8

7

10.5

11

8.4

14.7

11.4

4.2

15.2

10.7

Comparison of different fuels. Information on coconut shells and palm kernel shells is derived from analysis of the specific products that Palmshells.com markets. The other information comes from a variety of sources, including in particular public authorities and may be subject to some uncertainty and variation depending on which products are specifically involved. The prices are estimates by import / wholesale in large quantities (100,000 tons or more) excluding VAT, unloading and local transportation. Move the mouse over each cell for further information.